In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
“This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen Islam as your religion.” (Al-Ma’dah: verse 3)
“And recite the Qur’an in slow, measured rhythmic tones.” (Al-Muzzammil: verse 4)
In his Sciences of the Qur’an, Ahmad Von Denffer said that Qur’anic recitation or better known as tilawatul Qur’an is achieved by observing rules of Tajwid. Deriving from its Arabic roots ‘jawwada’, it means ‘to make well’ or ‘to improve’.
Correct and good pronounciation involves knowledge of recitation or ‘ilm al-qira’a. And amongst the various modes of recitation including at hadr (normal talking speed), tajwid tahqiq (like tartil but with greatest care for the purpose of teaching and learning), and tajwid or tadwir (between hadr and tartil), tartil is often best for its slow recitation with elements of reflecting.
The miraculous nature of the Qur’an is evident in its being an ijaza from ‘ajaza’ meaning ‘to be incapable, to make powerless,’ ‘to be impossible, to be inimitable’. None is capable of creating and imitating its unchallengeable verses but Allah Most Glorious. It’s truth and the unfolding historical events or asbabun nuzul reaffirms Prophet Muhammad as the Chosen One.
Surely a Muslim constantly prays for the words of the Qur’an to stay within one’s heart.
Being aware of the rules of recitation increases a sense of focus as one ensures strict adherence to nun sakin, tanwin, full assimilation (idgham of ra and lam), nasal assimilation (idgham bi-l-ghunna of ya, nun, waw, mim), substitution (iqlab of ba), mim sakin (of ba or mim), intensification (qalqalah of qaf, ta, dal, jim, ba), slight assimilation (ihfa’ of ta, tsa, jim, dal, nun, zai, sin, shin, sad, dad, tdo, dzo, fa, qaf, ka), further assimilation (dal & ta, ta & dal, ta & tdo, dza & dzo, tsa & dza, qaf & kaf, lam & ro), significant of letters lam and ro, the types of prolongation (madd, natural madd tabi’, madd al-‘arid li-sukun, madd-al hamz), compulsory madd lazim).
In practical life one must bear in soul that Blessed Messenger Muhammad often reminded our Ummah to ensure no transgressions beyond what is permissible. Reflecting upon the waqf symbols in tilawah (compulsory lazim of mim, pausal qif, preferred al-mutlaq of tdo or permissible al-ja’iz of jim, breathless short sakta or longer pause, significance of non-stop middle or ending lam, preference for non-stop of al-mujawwaz, connecting sali, and flexibility al-murakhkhas is necessiting breather with condition of phrasal repetition) sheds light on how we ought to conduct our life trying to be like the walking Qur’an that Rasullullah the insanul kamil embodies.
Surely the reward of alif, lam, mim is not one but alif is one reward, lam is one reward and mim is one reward. And Allah the Great multiplies it as He wishes!
The merits of Qur’an is bounteous with overflowing thawab or spiritual, physical and other benefits. There indeed is no more revelation from angel Jibrail alayhissalam since the demise of Muhammad the Al-Amin.
They speak not of their desires but only the kalamullah that is the birth right of all creations.
“Allahumma Solli ‘Ala Sayyidinaa Muhammadin ‘Abadika. Wa Rasullikan Nabiyyi Ummi. Wa ‘Ala Aalihii Wa Sohbihi Wa Sallim.”