In the field of Psychology, there is a growing concern about the theory of falsification. For instance, in order to obtain evidence to support a theory, the hypothesis needs to be put to a test either in the experimental or non-experimental setting. Even after obtaining good evidence to support a theory, social scientists cannot conclude that the theory is true, except to say that it is supported. And just as a good statistician will agree, the best outcome is never to find evidence in support of a theory but the strength lies in facts that will falsify it. Only when it is free from falsification then it is considered a strong theory.
In the applied field of law for instance, civil law offers compensation for the wronged party while criminal law ensures the perpetrator gets punished. Syariah law being a more strict code of conduct is expected to achieve both goals, in addition to upholding truth and eradicating falsity. While the non-Islamic courts operate on the premise of “beyond reasonable doubt” of the innocence of one party over the other, the Islamic counterpart upholds the Qur’anic principle of:
إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَشْتَرُونَ بِعَهْدِ ٱللَّهِ وَأَيْمَٰنِهِمْ ثَمَنًا قَلِيلًا أُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ لَا خَلَٰقَ لَهُمْ فِى ٱلْءَاخِرَةِ وَلَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَلَا يَنظُرُ إِلَيْهِمْ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَٰمَةِ وَلَا يُزَكِّيهِمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ (٧٧)
Indeed, those who exchange the covenant of Allah and their [own] oaths for a small price will have no share in the Hereafter, and Allah will not speak to them or look at them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them; and they will have a painful punishment.
أَحَسِبَ ٱلنَّاسُ أَن يُتْرَكُوٓا۟ أَن يَقُولُوٓا۟ ءَامَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ (٢)
Do the people think that they will be left to say, “We believe” and they will not be tried?
وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۖ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا۟ وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ ٱلْكَٰذِبِينَ (٣)
But We have certainly tried those before them, and Allah will surely make evident those who are truthful, and He will surely make evident the liars.
To combat the spread of false hadiths, venerable scholars of tafsir includes Al-Azhar’s Buya Hamka, Al-Munir, Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi, Ibn Kathir, Ibn Abbas, Imam Qurtubi, Jalalain as well as the Muhaddithun amongst others take great pains to ensure correct interpretations or Tafsir or Exegesis of the Qur’an and prevent its followers from being astray.
There is a distinction between translation and interpretation (tafsir). One is usually standard while the other relies heavily upon solid knowledge, understanding and wisdom.
If you are looking to seeking truth amidst many a misinterpretation of the Deen, then this lecture is suitable. It is in Malay.
|TAFSIR MAUDHU’I (Bertema)
5 April 2013, 8.45pm