Istighfar via Asmaul Husna

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20 Jamadilakhir (170th day after Hijrah) 1434 

 

ٱلَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ إِنَّنَآ ءَامَنَّا فَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَقِنَا عَذَابَ ٱلنَّارِ (١٦)
Those who say, “Our Lord, indeed we have believed, so forgive us our sins and protect us from the punishment of the Fire,”
 سُبْحَٰنَكَ تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَأَنَا۠ أَوَّلُ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ (١٤٣)
“Exalted are You! I have repented to You, and I am the first of the believers.”
اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لّا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ، خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرٍّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ، وَأَبُوءُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِر لِي فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ
Allāhumma ʾanta rabb-ī lā ʾilāha ʾillā ʾanta, ḫalaqta-nī wa-ʾanā ʿabdu-ka, wa-ʾanā ʿalā ʿahdi-ka wa-waʿdi-ka ma staṭaʿtu, ʾaʿūḏu bi-ka min šarrin mā ṣanaʿtu, ʾabūʾu la-ka bi-naʿmati-ka wa-ʾabūʾu bi-ḏanb-ī fa-ġfir lī fa-ʾinna-hu lā yaġfiru ḏ-ḏunūba ʾillā ʾanta
‘O Allaah, You are my Lord, there is no God but You, You created me and I am your servant and I abide to your covenant and promise as best as I can, I take refuge in you from the evil of which I committed. I acknowledge your favour upon me and I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me, for verily no one can forgive sin except you.’

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In Islamic History (Sirah), worthy of mention are these: 

1. Abu Jahal who hurt and abused our Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him especially defaming Rasulullah as crazy, liar and a poet

However, many others came to the forefront in support and protected the name of our Last Messenger…

2. The Muhajirin who underwent persecution while being faithful at Mecca before migration to Medina

3. The Anshar who became helpers to the Muhajirs, sharing wealth, property and forged relations

4. The Al Khulafa Al Rasyidin

i. Abu Bakar Al Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him) who is very generous

ii. Umar Bin Khatab (may Allah be pleased with him) whose opinions often speak of the Qur’anic truths

5. Aisyah (may Allah be pleased with her) is clear from accusation

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو بِٱلْإِفْكِ عُصْبَةٌ مِّنكُمْ ۚ لَا تَحْسَبُوهُ شَرًّا لَّكُم ۖ بَلْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۚ لِكُلِّ ٱمْرِئٍ مِّنْهُم مَّا ٱكْتَسَبَ مِنَ ٱلْإِثْمِ ۚ وَٱلَّذِى تَوَلَّىٰ كِبْرَهُۥ مِنْهُمْ لَهُۥ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ (١١)
Indeed, those who came with falsehood are a group among you. Do not think it bad for you; rather it is good for you. For every person among them is what [punishment] he has earned from the sin, and he who took upon himself the greater portion thereof – for him is a great punishment.
لَّوْلَا جَآءُو عَلَيْهِ بِأَرْبَعَةِ شُهَدَآءَ ۚ فَإِذْ لَمْ يَأْتُوا۟ بِٱلشُّهَدَآءِ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ هُمُ ٱلْكَٰذِبُونَ (١٣)
Why did they [who slandered] not produce for it four witnesses? And when they do not produce the witnesses, then it is they, in the sight of Allah, who are the liars.
وَلَوْلَآ إِذْ سَمِعْتُمُوهُ قُلْتُم مَّا يَكُونُ لَنَآ أَن نَّتَكَلَّمَ بِهَٰذَا سُبْحَٰنَكَ هَٰذَا بُهْتَٰنٌ عَظِيمٌ (١٦)
And why, when you heard it, did you not say, “It is not for us to speak of this. Exalted are You, [O Allah]; this is a great slander”?
6. Zainab binti Jahsy (may Allah be pleased with her)
وَإِذْ تَقُولُ لِلَّذِىٓ أَنْعَمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْسِكْ عَلَيْكَ زَوْجَكَ وَٱتَّقِ ٱللَّهَ وَتُخْفِى فِى نَفْسِكَ مَا ٱللَّهُ مُبْدِيهِ وَتَخْشَى ٱلنَّاسَ وَٱللَّهُ أَحَقُّ أَن تَخْشَىٰهُ ۖ فَلَمَّا قَضَىٰ زَيْدٌ مِّنْهَا وَطَرًا زَوَّجْنَٰكَهَا لِكَىْ لَا يَكُونَ عَلَى ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ حَرَجٌ فِىٓ أَزْوَٰجِ أَدْعِيَآئِهِمْ إِذَا قَضَوْا۟ مِنْهُنَّ وَطَرًا ۚ وَكَانَ أَمْرُ ٱللَّهِ مَفْعُولًا (٣٧)
And [remember, O Muhammad], when you said to the one on whom Allah bestowed favor and you bestowed favor, “Keep your wife and fear Allah,” while you concealed within yourself that which Allah is to disclose. And you feared the people, while Allah has more right that you fear Him. So when Zayd had no longer any need for her, We married her to you in order that there not be upon the believers any discomfort concerning the wives of their adopted sons when they no longer have need of them. And ever is the command of Allah accomplished.
مَّا كَانَ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِىِّ مِنْ حَرَجٍ فِيمَا فَرَضَ ٱللَّهُ لَهُۥ ۖ سُنَّةَ ٱللَّهِ فِى ٱلَّذِينَ خَلَوْا۟ مِن قَبْلُ ۚ وَكَانَ أَمْرُ ٱللَّهِ قَدَرًا مَّقْدُورًا (٣٨)
There is not to be upon the Prophet any discomfort concerning that which Allah has imposed upon him. [This is] the established way of Allah with those [prophets] who have passed on before. And ever is the command of Allah a destiny decreed.
7. Companion especially Zaid bin Haritsah (may Allah be pleased with him)
مَّا كَانَ مُحَمَّدٌ أَبَآ أَحَدٍ مِّن رِّجَالِكُمْ وَلَٰكِن رَّسُولَ ٱللَّهِ وَخَاتَمَ ٱلنَّبِيِّۦنَ ۗ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمًا (٤٠)
Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah, of all things, Knowing.

There are several personalities mentioned in Al Quran:

1. Abu Bakar As Siddiq (as above)

2. Abu Jahal (as above)

3. Abu Sufyan

4. Abu Talib Bin Abdul Mutalib

5. Abu Amir Ar-Rahib

6. Abu Ubaidah Bin al Jarrah

7. Abu ‘Aqil

8. Abu Lubabah bin al Munzir

9. Abu Lahab

10. Ibnu Ummi Maktum

11. Akhnas bin Syariq al Thaqofi

12. Saad bin Sa’yah

13. Asad bin Abaid

14. Asy’ats bin Qais

15. Umayyah bin Khalaf

16. Anas bin Nadhr

17. Aus bin Shamit

18. Bilal bin Rabah

19. Tsa’labah bin Sa’yah

20. Jabir bin Abdullah

21. Al Jad bin Qais

22. Hathib bin Abu Balta’ah

23. Hamzah bin Abdul Muthalib

24. Huyai bin Akhtab

25. Khabab bin al Art

26. Al Zubair bin al ‘Awwam

27. Zaid bin Arqam

28. Zaid bin Haritsah (as above)

29. Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas

30. Salman Al Farisi

31. Syaibah bin Rabi’ah

32. Shafwan bin Umayah

33. Shuhaib Ar Rumi

34. Dhamrah bin Jundub

35. ‘Aiz bin Amru al Mazni

36. Ta’mah bin Ubairaq

37. Al ‘Ash bin Wail

38. Ubadah bin Shamit

39. Abbas bin Abdul Muthalib

40. Abdullah bin Abis Sarh

41. Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul

42. Abdullah bin Umayah

43. Abdullah bin Jahsy

44. Abdullah bin Hudzafah

45. Abdullah bin Rawahah

46. Abdullah bin Salam

47. Abdullah bin Mas’ud

48. Ubaidillah bin Abi Rabi’ah

49. Ubaidah bin Al Harits

50. ‘Utbah bin Abi Rabi’ah

51. Utsman bin Thalhah Al Juhami

52. Utsman bin Affan

53. Utsman bin Mazh’un

54. Uqbah bin Abi Mu’ith

55. ‘Aqil bin Abu Thalib

56. ‘Ikrimah bin Abu Jahal

57. Ali bin Abu Talib

58. Ammar bin Yasir

59. Umar bin Khattab (as above)

60. Finhash

61. Qatadah bin Nu’man

62. Qidar bin Salif

63. Qais bin Shirmah

64. Ka’ab bin Al Asyraf

65. Ka’ab bin ‘Ajrah

66. Ka’ab bin Malik

67. Murarah bin Al Rabi’ Al’ Amry

68. Mistah bin Atsatsah

69. Mus’ab bin ‘Umair

70. Ma’qil bin Yasar

71. Al Miqdad bin Al Aswad

72. An Nadhr bin Al Harits

73. Naufal bin Al Harits

74. Hilal bin Umayyah

75. Al Walid bin ‘Utbah

76. Al Walid bin ‘Uqbah

77. Al Walid bin Al Mughirah

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I say:  The Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) clarified the wisdom behind this pointing with the index finger. And it is that it is severe against the Shaytaan.  There has come in the hadeeth which the author has cited:  “It is more severe against the Shaytaan than iron, meaning the index finger.”  And there has also come on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar, as is within the collection of Al-Humaydee 1/313 as well as Abu Ya’laa and his Musnad 2/275, as is within the footnote of the Prophet’s Prayer Described, “It is the shooting of Shaytaan, no one will forget when he does this.” meaning, when he points with his index finger while saying At-Tashahhud.  Al-Bayhaqee reports in As-Sunan Al-Kubraa 2/132:  “On the authority of Al-Waaqidee, who said, ‘Katheer ibn Zayd narrated to us on the authority of Naafi’ from Ibn ‘Umar, that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:  “Moving the finger in the prayer terrifies the Shaytaan.”   Al-Bayhaqee said:  “Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar al-Waaqidee was alone in narrating it.  And he is not strong.  We have narrated from Mujaahid that he said:  ‘The man moving his finger when sitting in the prayer is a suppressor for the Shaytaan.’” And he cited the chain of narration after the report of Mujahid 2/133.

 

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